Common Causes of Back Pain


Symptoms of back pain can vary depending on the root cause and location of the pain. For instance, the pain can develop gradually or suddenly and may get worse when you walk or stoop down. Physiotherapy treatment is one of the most effective ways to deal with back pain. The treatment often starts with an attempt to identify the cause of your back pain, although not all cases of back pain have a specific, identifiable cause. Here are some common causes of back pain.

Sprain and strain

Poor posture, heavy lifting or any sudden sports injury can strain the muscles or ligaments in the lower back area. Sprains and strains can also cause spine related problems. This is a common cause of back pain.

Slipped disc

Wear and tear of the discs between your joints can cause the soft tissues to come out and press a nearby nerve root.  This often causes severe pain in the hip or lower back area.

Degenerative disc disease

This condition is common among people over the age of 40. As we age, the discs between our joints lose hydration. As a result, the discs cannot hold all the pressure on them, when you walk or move. Over time, this may cause wear and tear in the nearby disc wall and cause severe back pain.   

Spinal stenosis 

The spinal canal may start to narrow down after a certain age. As a result, the spine and the nearby nerves can get pressured, causing pain and numbness in the back. This condition is common among arthritis patients.

More serious problems

Sometimes, back pain can be a symptom of a more serious problem. For instance, a broken bone in the spine or an infection can cause back pain.

Back pain may also be caused by mental stress, depression and anxiety. It is always a good idea to seek medical attention, if the pain does not go away naturally after a few days.