Causes of knee pain vary widely, so do the treatments for knee pain. Most treatment methods work by reducing pain and inflammation, while some methods, such as, physiotherapy focus more on strengthening the muscles around the knee area. Let’s take a close look at the major treatment options for knee pain.
Minor knee injuries can be treated with PRICE therapy. PRICE stands for protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. You need to protect your knee from any further injury, take enough rest, apply ice packs on the affected area, compress the area using a sling and elevate the leg whenever possible to help reduce swelling. All these steps can be taken at home, before you even contact your doctor.
If the pain worsens despite the home care, you should see a doctor or physiotherapist. Your doctor will usually try to find out the root cause of the pain through medical tests. Meanwhile, you may be asked to consume some anti-inflammatory pain killers.
If oral medications do not work, your doctor may recommend you Corticosteroid injections. This should help alleviate the pain and inflammation quickly. However, some of these medications and injections trigger negative side effects and may not be suitable for all. You should use them only under the instruction of your doctor.
Most cases of knee pain can be treated with physical therapy. Depending of the nature and location of the pain, your physiotherapist may recommend you light exercises, mainly to help strengthen the muscles on the quadriceps and hamstrings. Massaging can help cure some cases of knee pain. Make sure you get any massage from a certified physiotherapist. Remember, massages done in wrong techniques can do more harm than good.
Serious cases of knee injury caused by bone fracture often require immediate surgery. However, most other cases can be treated with non-surgical methods, such as, physiotherapy.